Gateway of India Mumbai Overview
The Gateway of India is, without doubt, one of the most popular tourist hotspots of Mumbai. It is located at Apollo Bunder Waterfront and overlooks the Arabian Sea in the most beautiful way. One of the most distinguished monuments in Mumbai, it was built in the year 1924 by famous architect George Wittet as a commemoration of the visit of King George V and Queen Mary to Mumbai.
The imposing structure of the monument is a beautiful confluence of Indian, Arabic and Western architecture and has become a popular tourist hub in the city.
Nicknamed ‘Mumbai’s Taj Mahal’, the foundation of this landmark was laid in 1911 and was inaugurated 13 years later in 1924. The structure in itself is a made of yellow basalt and solid concrete and is embellished with numerous Muslim and Hindu motifs as well. The basalt arch of the Gateway served as the entry and exit access to India through waterways before independence and was the exit point from where the last British ship left India for England.
There are statues of Swami Vivekananda and Chhatrapati Shivaji that have been installed near the Gateway as well. The view from the sea of the Gateway complex, especially at night, is as beautiful as that of the Queen’s Necklace from the Marine Drive. An imposing edifice, the Gateway of India is a symbol of India’s rich history and cultural heritage.
History of Gateway of India
The land on which the Gateway now stands once belonged to a jetty that was primarily used by the fishing community of the area. Seeing its viability as a landing area, it was renovated to serve as a pier for British governors. Soon enough, it was decided that a grand gateway will be built here to welcome King George V and Queen Mary to Mumbai, and the foundation of the same was laid down March 31, 1913, by the Governor of Bombay, Sir George Sydenham Clarke.
However, the final design of the Gateway was only sanctioned on March 31, 1914, by George Wittet. The constructions formally began in 1920 and it took almost four years to complete the construction of the monument. On 4 December 1924, the Gateway of India was inaugurated by the Viceroy, the Earl of Reading.
Design and Structure of Gateway of India
Built in Indo Saracenic style, the Gateway of India was designed by Scottish architect George Wittet. The design is a combination of Hindu and Muslim architectural influences along with a Roman triumphal arch, which stands at a height of 26 metres. It is built of yellow basalt and concrete and the stone was sourced locally. The arch is flanked by two large hallways that have the capacity to accommodate as many as 600 people.
On the other hand, the central dome of the gateway is inspired from Muslim architecture style and has a diameter of 48 feet with the apex reaching 83 feet. The gateway also has meticulously designed honeycomb structures which further support four spires that grant a unique symmetry to the facade. Steps behind the archway give an expansive view of the Arabian Sea as well.
Best time to visit Gateway of India
Morning and evening hours are the most pleasant time to visit this destination. Other than monsoons, this destination can be visited during any time of the year.
How to Reach Gateway of India
The Gateway of India is located near the southern tip of the city. It’s easily reachable from most of South Mumbai through taxis or buses. Getting here from the suburbs requires a lot more effort and should ideally be clubbed with other sightseeing in South Mumbai.
- By Train: If travelling from the suburbs, the Mumbai locals are the cheapest and the fastest way to get to the Gateway of India. Local trains run to Churchgate on the Western Line and to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) on the Central and Harbour Lines. The gateway can easily be reached by taxi or bus from either of these stations.
- By Taxi / Car: If you are near Bandra, you may choose to take the Bandra Worli Sea Link to get to South Mumbai. Another good road option to reach South Mumbai from the suburbs is the Eastern Freeway which starts near Chembur.
- By Bus: It is not recommended to travel to the gateway by bus from the suburbs. Once in South Mumbai, BEST bus numbers 111 and 112 will take you right up to the Gateway of India. However, you can take any bus heading to Colaba Depot, R.C. Church or Navy Nagar, get off at Regal and walk up to the gateway.
Where to Stay
A number of lush and famous hotels are located in the close vicinity of the Gateway of India, and you can treat yourself to an amazing hotel stay at The Taj Mahal Palace Hotel, Hotel Diplomat, Regent Hotel, Abode Bombay, Hotel Suba Palace and Treebo Garden.
Shopping in Gateway of India
A number of street vendors sell knick knacks here such as earrings, balloons, toys, and souvenirs.
Best Restaurants Nearby
If a meal overlooking the Gateway of India is on your to – do list, you can try out Masala Kraft, Golden Dragon and Sea Lounge at the Taj, Indigo Delicatessen, Bademiya for some delicious non – vegetarian delicacies and The Table.